DB_common::getAssoc()

DB_common::getAssoc() – Runs a query and returns the data as an array

Synopsis

array &getAssoc ( string $query , boolean $force_array = false , mixed $params = array() , integer $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_DEFAULT , boolean $group = false )

Description

Runs the query provided and puts the entire result set into an associative array then frees the result set.

If the result set contains more than two columns, the value will be an array of the values from column 2 to n. If the result set contains only two columns, the returned value will be a scalar with the value of the second column (unless forced to an array with the $force_array parameter).

Parameter

string $query

the SQL query or the statement to prepare

boolean $force_array

used only if the query returns exactly two columns. If TRUE, the values of the returned array will be one-element arrays instead of scalars.

mixed $params

array, string or numeric data to be added to the prepared statement. Quantity of items passed must match quantity of placeholders in the prepared statement: meaning 1 placeholder for non-array parameters or 1 placeholder per array element.

If supplied, prepare()/ execute() is used.

integer $fetchmode

the fetch mode to use. The default is DB_FETCHMODE_DEFAULT, which tells this method to use DB's current fetch mode. DB's current default fetch mode can be changed using setFetchMode(). Potential values include:

  • DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED

  • DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC

  • DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT

boolean $group

if TRUE, the values of the returned array is wrapped in another array. If the same key value (in the first column) repeats itself, the values will be appended to this array instead of overwriting the existing values.

Return value

array - associative array with the query results or a DB_Error object on failure

Throws

Possible PEAR_Error values
Error code Error message Reason Solution
DB_ERROR_INVALID invalid SQL statement for preparing is not valid. See the prepare() documentation, if you want to use a SQL statemt using placeholders.
DB_ERROR_MISMATCH mismatch Quantity of parameters didn't match quantity of placeholders in the prepared statement. Check that the number of placeholders in the prepare() statement passed to $query equals the count of entries passed to $params.
DB_ERROR_NODBSELECTED no database selected No database was chosen. Check the DSN in connect().
DB_ERROR_TRUNCATED truncated The result set contains fewer then two columns Check the SQL query or choose another get*() function
every other error code   Database specific error Check the database related section of PHP-Manual to detect the reason for this error. In the most cases a misformed SQL statement. Ie. using LIMIT in a SQL-Statement for an Oracle database.

Note

This function can not be called statically.

Example

All of the examples use the following data set:


INSERT INTO foo VALUES ('Juan', 5, '1991-01-11 21:31:41');

INSERT INTO foo VALUES ('Kyu', 10, '1992-02-12 22:32:42');

INSERT INTO foo VALUES ('Kyu', 15, '1993-03-13 23:33:43');

Result sets having two columns

When using getAssoc() for results which have two columns and $force_array = FALSE (the default) changing $fetchmode has no impact on the format of the resulting array.

Using getAssoc() in default mode

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo');



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

    [Kyu] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ORDEREDtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

            [1] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE and $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE and $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE and $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => stdClass Object

        (

            [cf] => Juan

            [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => stdClass Object

        (

            [cf] => Kyu

            [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE, $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ORDEREDtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE, $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOCtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [df] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => Array

                (

                    [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $force_array = TRUE, $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo',

        
true, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECTtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Juan

                    [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Kyu

                    [df] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Kyu

                    [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Result sets having more than two columns

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => 5

            [1] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => 15

            [1] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [nf] => 5

            [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [nf] => 15

            [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => stdClass Object

        (

            [cf] => Juan

            [nf] => 5

            [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

        )

    [Kyu] => stdClass Object

        (

            [cf] => Kyu

            [nf] => 15

            [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ORDEREDtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 5

                    [1] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 10

                    [1] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => Array

                (

                    [0] => 15

                    [1] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOCtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [nf] => 5

                    [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => Array

                (

                    [nf] => 10

                    [df] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => Array

                (

                    [nf] => 15

                    [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Using getAssoc() with $fetchmode = DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT and $group = TRUE

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, nf, df FROM foo',

        
false, array(), DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECTtrue);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}



print_r($data);

?>

Output:

     

Array

(

    [Juan] => Array

        (

            [0] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Juan

                    [nf] => 5

                    [df] => 1991-01-11 21:31:41

                )

        )

    [Kyu] => Array

        (

            [0] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Kyu

                    [nf] => 10

                    [df] => 1992-02-12 22:32:42

                )

            [1] => stdClass Object

                (

                    [cf] => Kyu

                    [nf] => 15

                    [df] => 1993-03-13 23:33:43

                )

        )

)

     

Prepare / Execute Mode

Using getAssoc() with one placeholder

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo WHERE nf = ?',

        
false5);



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}

?>

Using getAssoc() with two placeholders

<?php

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...

$data =& $db->getAssoc('SELECT cf, df FROM foo WHERE nf IN (?, ?)',

        
false, array(510));



if (
PEAR::isError($data)) {

    die(
$data->getMessage());

}

?>
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Last updated: Mon, 22 Dec 2014 — Download Documentation
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