DB_common::nextId() – Returns the next number from a sequence


integer nextId ( string $seq_name , boolean $onDemand = true )


Returns the next available number from a sequence. The sequence is automatically incremented each time this method is called.

See "Intro - Sequences" for a more complete discussion.


string $seq_name

name of the sequence

To avoid problems with various database systems, sequence names should start with a letter and only contain letters, numbers and the underscore character.

boolean $onDemand

When TRUE, the sequence is automatically created if it does not exist yet.

The on demand creation process necessitates the database user specified in the script having the database permissions needed to create a table or sequence. The exact privileges required depends on the DBMS being used.

Return value

integer - a free id number or a DB_Error object on failure


Possible PEAR_Error values
Error code Error message Reason Solution
DB_ERROR_NOT_CAPABLE DB backend not capable Function is not supported by the database backend Switch to another database system, if you really need this feature.
DB_ERROR_NOT_LOCKED not locked Locking of sequence table fails Database specific, check documentation of your database,
DB_ERROR_NOSUCHTABLE no such table Sequence table was not found Try to create a new sequence or if you are sure, a sequence was already create, check database integrity


This function can not be called statically.

When using PEAR DB's sequence methods, we strongly advise using these methods for all procedures, including the creation of the sequences. Do not use PEAR DB's methods to access sequences that were created directly in the DBMS. See the warning on the "Intro - Sequences" page complete information.


Using nextId()

// Once you have a valid DB object named $db...
$id $db->nextId('mySequence');
if (
PEAR::isError($id)) {

// Use the ID in your INSERT query
$res =& $db->query("INSERT INTO myTable (id, text) VALUES ($id, 'foo')");
Sends a LIMIT query to the database (Previous) Informs the DB driver that the next query is a manipulation query (Next)
Last updated: Sun, 19 Dec 2010 — Download Documentation
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